Including Malpelo Island, Roncador Cay and Serrana Bank, the country covers an area of 1 141 748 km², 3 making it the 26th largest country in the world and the seventh largest in America. It claims as territorial sea the area up to 12 nautical miles away, maintaining a border dispute with Venezuela and Nicaragua.12 13 It borders the East with Venezuela and Brazil, the South with Peru and Ecuador and the Northwest with Panama; in terms of maritime limits, it borders Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea, and with Panama, Costa Rica and Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean.
It is the only South American nation that has coasts in the Pacific Ocean and access to the Atlantic through the Caribbean Sea, in which it has several islands such as the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.
It is the twenty-eighth most populous country in the world, with an estimated population of 49 million, and it is also the second nation with the most Spanish speakers, only behind Mexico. It has a multicultural population, which is, in its majority, the result of miscegenation among Europeans, indigenous and African, with minorities of indigenous and Afro-descendants. In the Colombian Caribbean there is a significant number of descendants from the Middle East, Colombia’s gross domestic product of purchasing power parity ranks fourth in Latin America and 28th worldwide. Colombia’s nominal GDP is the fourth largest in Latin America and ranks 28th worldwide.
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